Key aims were to: 1) Establish benchmarks for access, participation and progression in the arts for young people on DTOs. 2) Identify what young people perceive as the critical barriers to their participation and progression in the arts. 3) Explore what associated professionals perceive to be the critical barriers to the participation and progression of the young people with whom they work within the arts. 4) Establish how far arts interventions are used in the community part of the Detention and Training Order through Youth Offending Teams. Starts from a recognition that at the time of writing there were few rigorous research projects that measured the direct impact of the arts. The largely qualitative results do not substantiate any explicit outcome on lifestyle and offending behaviour (which required a longitudinal study beyond the scope of this research). Despite this, anecdotal evidence suggests that nearly all young people had some experience of the arts, and there are strong indications that young people were affected in a positive manner with regard to offending behaviour and social exclusion.