The Museums Association has announced it will investigate claims that some of the UK’s most high profile museums and galleries have breached its code of ethics by allowing sponsor BP to exert inappropriate pressure over key decisions.
It follows the publication of a report by the Art Not Oil Coalition of campaign groups that suggests institutions including the British Museum, National Portrait Gallery, Tate and Science Museum have, on numerous occasions, bowed to the demands of the oil giants.
The document reveals a number of internal emails, released under the Freedom of Information Act, that suggest BP influenced exhibition content, events and gallery security procedures.
Alistair Brown, policy officer at the Museums Association, said its code of ethics is designed to encourage museums to “act transparently and to only seek support from organisations whose values were consistent with their own”.
However, Art Not Oil believes that a number of the 53 documents obtained contradict this. Amongst the claims made within the report are:
- BP offered input into curatorial decision-making at the British Museum’s Indigenous Australia exhibition and the National Portrait Gallery’s BP Portrait Award.
- Senior staff from BP’s ‘cultural partners’ attended a security meeting at BP’s offices on measures for addressing protest. They then attended counter-terrorism training hosted by BP and the Metropolitan Police nine days later.
- BP-sponsored events at the British Museum, Science Museum and other venues gave BP privileged access to UK politicians and policymakers. This includes establishing high-level relationships at the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS), enjoying regular private meetings, and issuing personal invitations from BP’s CEO to the Secretary of State to private launch events.
BP CEO Bob Dudley had previously said the company “supports the best of British arts and culture with no strings attached”. However, the report suggests that this is not the case. BP’s behaviour is described by a member of British Museum staff, speaking anonymously to Art Not Oil, as “extremely demanding of the Museum – bullying, I would say”.
A distorted view
Responding to the accusations in the report, a spokesperson for BP said: “BP is proud to partner with leading British arts and culture institutions.
“Our relationships with these institutions are longstanding and are based on ongoing dialogue, enabling more than two million people a year to enjoy the best of arts and culture in the UK. The emails referenced in this report have been taken out of context to give a distorted view of what are in fact strong and positive relationships.”
The National Portrait Gallery similarly rebuked the claims, stating: “Relationships with all sponsors are not about being put ‘under pressure’. We have open discussions with our partners who not unreasonably like to see their support acknowledged.
“However, sponsors including BP are very understanding that while their requests are considered some we are unable to accommodate, such as in this instance where the gallery has guidelines governing logo placement and positioning of sponsor credits.
“The gallery was not pressurised to attend an anti–terrorism meeting. On this occasion it was a Met Police (Project Argus) organised awareness day at BP. We feel it is essential to take advise on security issues from all relevant parties and often meet with partner organisations on the planning for the safety of our visitors and guests at events and when the gallery is open to the public.”
A spokesperson for the British Museum also defended BP’s sponsorship, saying it had been crucial to its exhibition output. However, they stopped short of confirming the sponsorship deal would be renewed.
They said: “We believe it is more important than ever to deepen people’s understanding of the world’s many and varied cultures and this is something that can be achieved through the temporary exhibition format. It is only possible to develop and host temporary exhibitions with this kind of external support.
“We are grateful to BP for their long-term commitment, sharing the vision that our artistic programmes should be made available to the widest possible audience. Discussions regarding the renewal of the partnership are continuing.”
Tate to defend BP secrecy in court
In an unrelated move, 11 May 2016 will see Tate, who are set to end their sponsorship deal with BP, appearing at the Information Tribunal over an apparent refusal to reveal the sponsorship fees BP paid between 2007-2011, citing ‘commercial confidentiality’.
It had previously been revealed that BP fees accounted for just under 0.5% of Tate’s budget between 1990-2006 – equating to around £150,000-£330,000 a year.
Platform’s Anna Galkina said: “As Tate’s deal with BP ends, the oil company can no longer use Tate’s spectacular displays to distract the public from its destructive business. The public still has a right to know how much BP paid Tate for this transfer of public trust. And the British Museum, National Portrait Gallery, and Royal Opera House should join Tate in breaking free from oil branding.”
Tate had been part of a block five-year sponsorship deal with BP, announced in December 2011, alongside the British Museum, Royal Opera House and National Portrait Gallery. All three have yet to confirm whether they will renew their sponsorship deals with BP beyond 2017, but are due to do so this year.
Read Art Not Oil’s full report: www.artnotoil.org.uk
Art Not Oil performance in the British Museum. Photo: Natasha Quarmby